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    Two B-52 Stratofortress Bombers Fly Over The Persian Gulf To Warn Iran

    A U.S. Air Force B-52H "Stratofortress" from Minot Air Force Base, N.D., is refueled by a KC-135 "Stratotanker" on Wednesday near the Persian Gulf. The show of force was meant to deter Iran from attacking American or allied targets in the Middle East. / AP
    Two American B-52 'Stratofortress' bombers fly over Persian Gulf to warn Iran in anticipation of 'complex attacks' in retaliation for killing of General Solemani one year ago

    The United States has picked up signs that Iran may be considering or planning 'more complex' and broader attacks against American targets or interests in the Middle East, the senior U.S. military officer said. The officer added that the latest intelligence represented the most concerning signs since the days immediately following the Soleimani killing.  Iranian General Qassem Soleimani was killed in a US drone strike on January 3, 2020

    The United States flew strategic bombers over the Persian Gulf on Wednesday for the second time this month, a show of force meant to deter Iran from attacking American or allied targets in the Middle East. It came after a senior U.S. military official warned that Iran is planning 'complex' revenge scenarios to avenge the killing of General Qasem Solemani, who died last January 3.

    The senior officer confirmed Wednesday's flight by two Air Force B-52 'Stratofortress' bombers was in response to signals that Iran may be planning attacks against U.S. allied targets in neighboring Iraq or elsewhere in the region in the coming days, even as President-elect Joe Biden prepares to take office. 

    The senior officer said that U.S. intelligence has detected recent signs of 'fairly substantive threats' from Iran, and that included planning for possible rocket attacks against U.S. interests in Iraq in connection with the one-year anniversary of the Soleimani killing. 

    Key Points

    • Bomber mission on Wednesday came days ahead of Solemani anniversary
    • US drone strike killed Iranian Quds Force general on January 3, 2020
    • Military officials warn that Iran is plotting 'complex' revenge scenarios
    • Flight of the nuclear-capable bombers was intended to deter Iranian aggression
    • It follows rocket attack on the U.S. Embassy compound in Baghdad last week
    • Trump warned: 'If one American is killed, I will hold Iran responsible'

    The officer cited indications that advanced weaponry has been flowing from Iran into Iraq recently and that Shiite militia leaders in Iraq may have met with officers of Iran's Quds force, previously commanded by Soleimani. The officer was not authorized to publicly discuss internal assessments based on sensitive intelligence and spoke on condition of anonymity.

    The B-52 bomber mission, flown round trip from an Air Force base in North Dakota, reflects growing concern in Washington, in the final weeks of President Donald Trump's administration, that Iran will order further military retaliation for the U.S. killing last January 3 of top Iranian military commander General Soleimani. 

    Iran's initial response, five days after the deadly U.S. drone strike, was a ballistic missile attack on a military base in Iraq that caused brain concussion injuries to about 100 U.S. troops. The United States flew strategic bombers over the Persian Gulf on Wednesday for the second time this month, a show of force meant to deter Iran from attacking American or allied targets

    U.S. Air Force F-16 Fighting Falcon escort is aerial refueled during Wednesday's mission. / AP
    Adding to the tension was a rocket attack last week on the U.S. Embassy compound in Baghdad by Iranian-supported Shiite militia groups. No one was killed, but Trump tweeted afterward that Iran was on notice. 'Some friendly health advice to Iran: If one American is killed, I will hold Iran responsible. Think it over,' Trump wrote on Dec. 23.

    Because of the potential for escalation that could lead to a wider war, the U.S. has sought to deter Iran from additional attacks. Strategic calculations on both sides are further complicated by the political transition in Washington to a Biden administration that may seek new paths to dealing with Iran. 

    Biden has said, for example, that he hopes to return the U.S. to a 2015 agreement with world powers in which Iran agreed to limit its nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions.

    For its part, Iran has greeted Trump's electoral defeat, with Iranian Government Spokesman Ali Rabiyee saying: 'We are happy that Soleimani's killer will soon leave the scene of the US politics and we are confident that a world without Soleimani's killer is a safer place for all nations of the world.'

    Iran warns US against retaliation after Baghdad rocket attack

    Iranians drive on a highway beneath a giant billboard depicting late Revolutionary Guards commander Qasem Soleimani, in the capital Tehran on Wednesday, ahead of the first anniversary of his killing in a US drone attack. In announcing Wednesday's bomber flight, the head of U.S. Central Command said it was a defensive move.

    'The United States continues to deploy combat-ready capabilities into the U.S. Central Command area of responsibility to deter any potential adversary, and make clear that we are ready and able to respond to any aggression directed at Americans or our interests,' said Gen. Frank McKenzie, the commander of Central Command. 'We do not seek conflict, but no one should underestimate our ability to defend our forces or to act decisively in response to any attack.' He did not mention Iran by name.

    The U.S. is in the process of reducing its troop presence in Iraq from 3,000 to about 2,500. Trump ordered that the reduction be achieved by January 15; officials say it is likely to be reached as early as next week.

    The U.S. officer said Iran might have its eye on economic targets, noting the September 2019 missile and drone attack on Saudi oil processing facilities. Iran denied involvement but was blamed by the United States for that attack.

    In recent weeks the U.S. military has taken a range of steps designed to deter Iran, while publicly emphasizing that it is not planning, and has not been instructed, to take unprovoked action against Iran. Last week, a U.S. Navy guided-missile submarine made an unusual transit of the Strait of Hormuz, the strategic waterway between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. 

    Earlier in December, a pair of B-52 bombers from Barksdale Air Force Base in Louisiana flew what the military calls a 'presence' mission over the Gulf - a demonstration of U.S. force and a signal of U.S. commitment to the region, but not an attack mission. That flight was repeated this week, with two B-52s flying nonstop from Minot Air Force Base in North Dakota and heading home Wednesday after cruising over the western side of the Gulf.

    Tensions with Iran escalated with the killing in November of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, an Iranian scientist named by the West as the leader of the Islamic Republic's disbanded military nuclear program. Iran has blamed Israel for the killing, but U.S. officials are concerned that any Iranian retaliation could hit U.S interest.

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